Naira to depreciate further as demand gap widens

  • Nothing to maintain Naira
  • Depreciation proves CBN fallacious

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) could also be pressured to further retract its defence and depreciate the naira as the apex financial institution elevated the bid value for overseas alternate at its Secondary Market Intervention Sales (SMIS) window by 5.56 per cent to N380.00/$.

Most analysts on the weekend agreed that the apex financial institution was in a good place and has little possibility than to depreciate the official naira fee, abandoning its long-held mounted alternate fee administration coverage for market-determined fee favoured by a number of worldwide and home operators.

Most analysts mentioned the Nigerian monetary system faces rising overseas alternate liquidity with widespread adverse implications for the banking sector, cash market, capital market and the capital market. Analysts mentioned the coverage retraction and naira depreciation proved the apex financial institution’s preliminary foreign exchange coverage fallacious and near-sighted.


FSDH Group, an funding banking group, famous that the apex financial institution’s Investors and Exporters Forex (I&E FX) market remained subdued with secure commerce volumes due to low system liquidity. Naira was secure at N386.00/$. The parallel fee stands at N460/$.

“For us, the widening present account place means that odds are stacked towards the naira. Beyond that, as the financial system step by step reopens, the resumption of overseas alternate (foreign exchange) gross sales to the BDC section of the market will place an extra layer of stress on the reserves as the CBN funds the backlog of unmet foreign exchange demand,” Cordros Capital, one other main funding banking group, acknowledged.


Chief Operating Officer GTI Capital Mr Kehinde Hassaan, mentioned with the shift to harmonisation of the official and parallel alternate charges, the naira might fall further as the foreign money seeks to obtain its optimum foreign exchange worth.

He nonetheless counseled the apex financial institution’s choice on the harmonisation, describing it as “the way in which to go in permitting the forces of demand and provide to decide the optimum alternate fee”.

Cordros Capital famous that for the fifth week, CBN’s overseas reserves declined as foreign exchange outflows outpaced inflows. Specifically, the overseas reserves dipped by $52.10 million week-on-week to $36.16 billion.


The macroeconomic outlook additionally stays difficult, in accordance to Cordros Capital. “As COVID-19 continues to unfold quick throughout the nation, we foresee further headwinds. While the primary quarter 2020 Gross Domestic Products (GDP) development outturn was surprisingly constructive, it’s tough to argue towards an financial recession this yr ought to the outbreak persist for an prolonged interval,” Cordros Capital acknowledged.

Afrinvest Securities identified that with elevated exterior shocks, Nigeria’s financial system has been hit laborious and the banking system can be impacted.


Afrinvest Securities famous that Moody’s rankings company had in a latest report cited dangers of greenback funding challenges for banks amid declining oil income, weak overseas funding inflows and decrease remittances. While banks are extra resilient given present deposit and liquidity ranges, the company had indicated that there are vulnerabilities, indicating that Nigerian banks might face a resurgence of the overseas foreign money liquidity pressures witnessed between 2016 and 2017.

In the same commentary on Nigerian banks, Fitch rankings final week famous that weak oil sector fundamentals would limit Nigerian banks’ capability to improve credit score within the yr.


According to Afrinvest Securities, past foreign exchange funding pressures, the banks had been dealing with harsh laws that threaten profitability since final July, most outstanding being the minimal mortgage to deposit ratio (LDR) of 60 per cent, which was established in mid-2019 and later elevated to 65 per cent, with non-compliance costing banks 50 per cent of their lending shortfall as interest-free money reserves with the CBN.

“The implication of tighter liquidity situations can be elevated value of funds for banks, which put along with decrease yields within the cash – each treasury payments and OMOs – and bonds markets would end in weaker earnings in 2020,” Afrinvest Securities acknowledged.


In a report to traders, Trading Desk Manager at AZA, Murega Mungai mentioned rising greenback demand is pressuring the CBN for an additional spherical of devaluations, final seen in March, to bolster exports.

“The CBN hopes to enhance monetary stability amid new projections from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that Africa’s oil producing nations led by Nigeria might lose $34 billion in income due to the crash in oil earlier this yr. While crude recovered to above $40 a barrel this week, the naira slid from N460 to N462 per greenback. We foresee sustained adverse stress,” Mungai mentioned.


The CBN had in May devalued the naira to N380 to a greenback. The devaluation got here after over three years of push from monetary market managers, the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) for the native foreign money to be devalued.

Pundits had insisted that with drop in overseas alternate reserves and decline in Nigeria’s greenback earnings over fall in crude oil costs, the nation had no possibility however to devalue its foreign money.

Aside devaluing the naira, the CBN additionally adopted a unified alternate fee, and pushed the official fee of the naira to N376 to greenback for International Money Transfer Operators fee to banks; N377 to greenback for banks’ greenback sale to CBN and pegged CBN’s greenback gross sales to banks at N378.


In an announcement asserting the brand new charges for the naira signed by CBN Director, Trade and Exchange Department, O. S. Nnaji, the CBN directed the bureau de change operators to promote to finish customers at no more than N380 to greenback. The CBN additionally pegged the quantity of sale for every BDC at $20,000.

The regulatory financial institution has moved the official fee to N360 to the greenback from N307 beforehand and promoting to overseas portfolio traders (FPI) at N380 on the Investors’ & Exporters Forex window from N366 per greenback beforehand.

Foreign portfolio investments (FPIs) out there dropped to a 29-month low in May, this yr, the most recent obtainable determine. Total FPIs dropped to N35.24 billion on this May, its lowest month-on-month file prior to now 29 months.

Chairman, Association for Securities Dealing Houses of Nigeria (ASHON), Chief Onyenwechukwu Ezeagu, mentioned FPI decline was due to a myriad of things, together with uncertainty in regards to the impression of COVID-19 on the  financial system, Naira depreciation, restricted availability of overseas alternate, inconsistencies in financial and financial insurance policies and world oil glut.

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